Latin Patriarchs
of Antioch and Alexandria

Latin Patriarchates were all artifacts of the Crusades. Thus, their foundation follows the progress of the Crusaders. First we get Antioch (1098) and then Jersualem (1099) as the cities are taken during the First Crusade. Next, when the Fourth Crusade takes Constantinople (1204), we get a Latin Patriarch of Constantinople.

Latin Patriarchs of Antioch
Peter I of Narbonne1098-1100
Bernard of Valence1100-1135
Ralph I of Domfront1135-1139
Aimery of Limoges1139-1193
Ralph II1193-1196
Peter II of Angouleme1196-1208
Peter III of Locedio1209-1217
Vacant, 1217-1226
Albert Rezzato1226-1245
Opizo Fieschi1247-1292, titular from 1268
unknown, 1268-1626
Luigi Caetani1622-1626
Giovanni Battista Pamphili1626-1629
Pope Innocent X,
Cesare Monti1629-?
unknown, -1701
Charles Thomas Maillard de Tournon1701-1710
Giberto Bartolomeo Borromeo1711-1735
Joaquín Fernández Portocarrero1735-1760?
unknown, 1760?-1799
Antonio Despuig y Dameto1799-1813
Vacant, 1813-1822
Lorenzo Girolamo Mattei1822-1833
unknown, 1833-1856
Albert Barbolani di Montauto1856-1857
Iosephus Melchiades Ferlisi1858-1860
Latin Patriarch of Constantinople, 1860-1865
Vacant, 1860-1862
Carolus Belgrado1862-1866
Paulus Brunoni1868-1877
Vacant, 1877-1879
Petrus De Villanova1879-1881
Placidus Ralli1882-1884
Vacant, 1884-1886
Vencentius Tizzani1886-1892
Vacant, 1892-1895
Francesco di Paola Cassetta1895-1899
Carlo Nocella1899-1901, d.1903
Latin Patriarch of Constantinople, 1901-1903
Lorenzo Passarini1901-1915
Ladislao Michele Zaleski1916-1925
Roberto Vicentini1925-1953
Vacant, 1953-1964; abolished, 1964

With the Latin Patriarch of Alexandria, we get something a little different from Antioch, Jerusalem, and Constantinople. Egypt was never occupied by Crusaders. However, the Fifth Crusade (1217-1221) involved an invasion of Egypt and the temporary occupation of the city of Damietta. It was during this episode that the Latin Patriarchate of Alexandria apparently was founded (c.1219), although the Crusaders did not come very near Alexandria itself. The uncertainties of the date and holders of the Alexandrian office may be artifacts of the circumstance that the Patriarchate was part of no larger political system, i.e. no Crusader State, with its own chronicles or historians. Also, it looks rather like no Latin Patriarch of Alexandria ever actually resided in Alexandria. Eventually there would be an Apostalic Vicar representing the Patriarch there, but I do not know when that began. The Cathedral Church of St. Catherine, the seat for the Patriarchate, was built on land granted only in 1832.

Latin Patriarchs of Alexandria
unknown, -c.1310
Patriarch of Grado
Humbert IIDauphin, 1333-1349, d.1355
Juan IIIInfante of Aragon; Archbishop of Toledo
Arnaldo Bernardic.1360
unknown, -1391
Simon of Cramaud1391-1422?
Giovanni Vitelleschic.1430
unknown, -1570
Alessandro Riario1570-1585
Enrico Caetani1585-1599
Vacant, 1599-1602
Séraphin Olivier-Razali1602-1609
unknown, 1609-1654
Federico Borromeo1654-1671
Archbishop of Milan, 1595-1631
Alessandro Crescenzi1671-1688?
unknown, 1688?-1847
Augustus Foscolo1847-1860
Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem, 1830-1847
Paolo Angelo Ballerini1867-1897
Archbishop of Milan, 1859-1867
Domenico Marinangeli1898-1921
Paolo de Huyn1921-1946
Vacant, 1946-1950
Luca Ermenegildo Pasetto1950-1954
Vacant, 1954-1964; abolished, 1964

Non-residence ended up being characteristic of all Latin Patriarchates. The Fall of Jersualem in 1187 meant that the Patriarch moved to Acre, then Cyprus (1291), and finally Rome (1374). The fall of Antioch to the Mamlûks in 1268 meant the end of a resident Patriarch; and the return of Constantinople to the Greeks, in 1261, required the Latin Patriarch to flee. All of these Patriarchates then continued in titular form in Italy. In 1847, however, a Latin Patriarch did return to Jerusalem, and the office has continued there ever since. The other three Patriarchates were finally abolished in 1964/65, as Pope Paul VI had met with the Ecumenical Patriarch Athenagoras of Constantinople. Ecumenicism thus removed most of these ecclesiastical relics of the Crusades. Actually, they had already been allowed to lapse, with Antioch vacant since 1953, Alexandria since 1954, and Constantinople since 1948. However, these concessions may mean less than they seem. For Antioch, Alexandria, and Constantinople there are Catholic "Uniate" or counter-Churches that adhere to Roman doctrine and authority and were sometimes specifically created (like the Coptic Catholic Church, 1741) to duplicate the local "schismatic" Churches in appearance and liturgy.

These lists are from Wikipedia. With the "unknown" entries, I do not know if these are really unknown, or if the writers at Wikipedia have simply not caught up with the right sources.

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Copyright (c) 2007, 2012 Kelley L. Ross, Ph.D. All Rights Reserved