Value Theory

Now beauty [κάλλος], as we said, shone bright among those visions, and in this world below we apprehend it through the clearest of our senses, clear and resplendent. For sight [ὄψις] is the keenest of the physical senses [αἰσθήσεις, singlular αἴσθησις], though wisdom [φρόνησις] is not seen by it -- how terrible [δεινός] would be our love [ἔρως] for it, if such a clear image [εἴδωλον] of wisdom were granted as would come through sight -- and the same is true of the other beloved [ἐραστά, singlular ἐραστόν] objects; but beauty alone has this privilege [μοῖρα], to be most clearly shown [ἐκφανέστατον] and most lovely [ἐρασμιώτατον] of them all.

Plato, Phaedrus, 250D [R. Hackford, Plato's Phaedrus, Library of the Liberal Arts, 1952, p. 93, translation modified; Greek text, the Loeb Classical Library, Euthryphro Apology Crito Phaedo Phaedrus, Harvard University Press, 1914-1966, p. 485]

ὁ ἀναμάρτητος ὑμῶν πρῶτος ἐπ᾽ αὐτὴν βαλέτω λίθον...
Qui sine peccato est vestrum primus in illam lapidem mittat.
Let the first one of you without sin cast a stone at her...

ἀνακύψας δὲ ὁ Ἰησοῦς εἶπεν αὐτῇ· γύναι, ποῦ εἰσιν;
οὐδείς σε κατέκρινεν; ἡ δὲ εἶπεν· οὐδείς, κύριε.
Erigens autem se Iesus dixit ei, Mulier ubi sunt?
Nemo te condemnavit? Quae dixit, Nemo, Domine.
Jesus looked up and said to her, "Woman, where are they?
Has no one condemned you?" She said, "No one, Lord."

εἶπεν δὲ ὁ Ἰησοῦς· οὐδὲ ἐγώ σε κατακρίνω·
πορεύου καὶ ἀπὸ τοῦ νῦν μηκέτι ἁμάρτανε.
Dixit autem Iesus, Nec ego te condemnabo;
Vade et amplius iam noli peccare.
And Jesus said, "Neither do I condemn you;
Go, and from now on, sin no more."

John 8:7,10-11; see here

The robot said: "I have been trying, friend Julius, to understand some remarks Elijah made to me earlier. Perhaps I am beginning to, for it suddenly seems to me that the destruction of what should not be, that is, the destruction of what you people call evil, is less just and desirable than the conversion of this evil into what you call good."

He hesitated, then, almost as though he were surprised as his own words, he said, "Go, and sin no more!"

Baley, suddenly smiling, took R. Daneel's elbow, and they walked out of the door, arm in arm.

Isaac Asimov, The Caves of Steel [1953, 1954, Fawcett Publications, 1972, p.191]

Editorial Essays

Note that most of these items are cross-indexed from the directories for epistemology, metaphysics, ethics, and philosophy of religion.

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