There is nothing quite as exciting as a long driving trip. Hitting the highway, leaving behind the cares or the life of one place, and driving off into the landscape. This may also be a little stressful, with some fears of breakdowns, bad restaurants or motels, finding gas stations, bad weather, etc. I drove to British Columbia and back with my parents in 1959, and to Yellowstone and back with them a few years earlier. The British Columbia trip I remember rather well, the Yellowstone one dimly. The following maps are the longest driving trips I've been on as an adult, usually involving moves, for a long time back and forth to Texas from Los Angeles, but then later transcontinental trips, between California and New Jersey, culminating in a permanent move to the East Coast. By then I had travelled quite a bit by others means, living in New Mexico (back and forth by plane, train, and bus) and Lebanon, seeing a good part of Middle East, with a long trek back to London from Beirut. I've detailed this elsewhere.

The original long drive here was moving to Texas in 1975. This was actually all the way from Hawai'i with my first wife, Gaye. The first part of that, of course, was not by car. It did involve some subsidiary trips. Before leaving Hawai'i we flew to Maui and the Big Island of Hawai'i, and drove around them a bit. In California, we bought a car, a 1965 Volkswagen Squareback, and drove around California, staying with my cousin Jaci in Hanford, California, going to the Sequoia National Park, which I (let alone Gaye) had never seen, and then driving up to Berkeley to visit one of Gaye's aunts.

Then, loading up the Squareback, we set off on our heroic drive. Before leaving Honolulu, the boss where Gaye had been working for a while gave her a plexiglass clock, with a volcano and some other symbols of Hawai'i and Texas and "Hawaii to Texas" spelled out in gold plexiglass letters. It was very nice, but I think I only have one small image of it, on a shelf in our apartment in Austin.

The trip was planned to combine travel, tourism, and visiting. An easy leg from LA was to stay with my aunt and uncle, Lorraine and Dan, in Lancaster, then we hit the road in earnest for Las Vegas, to stay with my cousin Linda. We were only there one night, but did get out to a show, which I think was at the Frontier. Linda's husband also threw himself into some engine work on the car for us. The selenoid, which engaged the starter to the fly wheel, had been sticking. It had been possible to free it with a whack from a screw-driver handle, but he got wound up about buying a new selenoid and installing it. So he did. Very nice. The next day we drove to Flagstaff. The last time I had been in Flagstaff was on a train in 1967, when the whole city was buried by several feet of snow. I was curious what the train station looked like without drifts of snow taller than a man. Well, a lot different than it did in August 1975. My original idea about staying in Flagstaff was that we could make a sidetrip to the Grand Canyon. I did not realize, howver, how far the Canyon was, and that an extra day was really necessary for such a trip. So that was postponed -- all the way, as it happened, until 2003. While Flagstaff was nice, the cold at altitude that night affected our battery, and we had to roll the car down the street to get it started. But we got going and then stopped for breakfast in Winslow, which I wanted to see because of the Eagle's song "Take It Easy," which has the line "standing on a corner in Winslow, Arizona." There is now a sort of monument in Winslow to "Standing on a Corner," which I have subsequently visited. We got into Albuquerque that day, which I had left in 1968 and wanted to revisit. I didn't know at the time that a friend of mine I had been with in Beirut, Craig Nettleton, had moved from Minnesota to New Mexico and was living nearby. So Gaye and I were just on our own. From there we headed down to Alamogordo, where my aunt Jeannie and uncle Norman lived in a mobile home in the desert. This was actually near Tularosa, which is a few miles north of Alamogordo. We laid over there for three nights and saw some of the area, where I had been in 1962 visiting Lorraine and Dan (again), when Dan had been stationed at Holloman Airforce Base. This meant White Sands National Monument, of course, the town of Lincoln where Billy the Kid shot his way out of jail, and a solar telescope in the Sacramento Mountains south of Cloudcroft. We had still been having trouble with the car, and bought a new battery. But there was something else wrong. The engine heads, of which there are two on the sides of a Volkswagen engine, had come loose. This called for a major repair, but the car actually made it all the way to Austin.

Norman showed me his brand new hand held calculator with red LED display. This was the new thing, and very fascinating. But I didn't expect I could afford one at the time. After a while in Austin, I sank $40 to buy one. Now, of course, they are more or less a dime a dozen, with solar powered LCD displays; and everyone takes them for granted. From Alamogordo we drove over the mountains to Carlsbad to visit the Caverns, the only time I've seen them. The Sacramento Mountains would become very familiar to me as the eastern flank of the Rockies. From there east, the land is flat all the way to the Ozarks or the Appalachians -- which do not compare as mountains even to the Sacramentos. When we rose at dawn in Carlsbad and hit the road for Texas, it was a day of heavy portent -- not unlike the humid air that closed around us as mile after mile of Interstate 10 passed by. Hawai'i is humid, but not as hot and still as Austin in August. It was pretty bad, and we treasured the air conditioning at the Austin Motel (still there, by the way) on South Congress Ave.

Four years later, with Gaye and I long separated, I was packing up to move back to LA. I had lived the same place all those years and had quite a few boxes of books and a trunk to send back. Even then many things, like furniture, had to be dispersed. The Squareback filled up again.

A couple of days before leaving, while I was in a drunken croquet game at a party with my neighbors, I had a muscle spasm in my lower back. This literally put me down. One of my neighbors knew a chiropractor, who was willing to see me in a Sunday, the next day. His advice was (1) lie down, (2) don't sit, and (3) especially, don't drive. So I immediately drove to San Angelo, to lie down at Helga Hill's place. She was an old neighbor in Deep Eddy and was having her birthday party. I was in some pain but enjoyed it. Then I drove to Alamogordo, partially along the route (through Ft. Stockton, Pecos, and Carlsbad) that Gaye and I had taken almost four years earlier.

Back at Jeannie and Norman's, I could lie on my back for three days. That fixed my back (for the time being). Then I moved on to Albquerque, where I had meanwhile learned that Craig was living. I had flown in and visited him and his first wife a number of times in the meantime. Unfortunately, Craig and his wife had just separated. He was a bit despondent and was drinking a good deal in the evening. This ended up adding something to my life. Craig mixed Manhattans, before moving on to straight Bourbon, and I rather liked them. I still drink them. We also did some other activities. The most memorable was hiking up to Sandia Crest, at 10,678 ft. A demanding hike, though Craig's companions kept ribbing him that we were using the "easy" La Luz Trail. Well, 10,000 ft. is 10,000 ft., especially when I had been living nearly a Sea Level for years.

I drove on in to LA in one day. I had intended to spend the night in Flagstaff, but I got there by lunchtime. I ate at the Bob's Big Boy, which is no longer there (in fact, there are none in Arizona). So I figured I might as well go on to Kingman. It was only mid-afternoon when I got there, so I figured I might as way go on into LA. The only real problem was getting gas in Barstow. California had gas rationing, and I had to wait in a line (thanks to Governor Jerry Brown, whom the voters foolishly, indeed incredibly, returned to office in 2010). Very annoying. But it was still light when I rolled into the San Fernando Valley. Turned out to be the very day that John Wayne died.

After the summer in LA, I headed back to Texas, with somewhat of a lighter load. This involved an unusual stop in Arizona, a State where I didn't have any friends or relatives and so only stayed overnight at motels. A friend of Craig's I had met in Albuquerque in June lived in Prescott with his girlfriend. I arranged to stop off at their place. A quite nice interlude.

This resulted in a drive through parts of Arizona I had not seen before, up to Prescott itself and then through Jerome and Sedona to Flagstaff the next day. After another visit in Albuquerque, I headed down to Alamogordo again. The route I picked was over US 380 to Carrizozo, a road I later learned passed quite near Trinity Site, which itself I would visit in 1997. The dirt road from near Tularosa to my aunt and uncle's place crossed an arroyo just a few hundred feet from their driveway. When I arrived at the crossing on August 13th, there had been a heavy rain. Not only was the bottom of the arroyo deep in mud, but a County worker with a tractor, whose job was to clean up the road, had gotten stuck there. He asked me if I could call the County to get someone to come get him out. There was another route into my aunt and uncle's place, so I went around that way. We could call the County from there. But my aunt warned me that much more rain, and the alternative route in could get washed out also. I could get stuck there. So I decided to go on to San Angelo that day. A rather longer drive than I had anticipated that morning, but it wasn't much after dark when I got in. From there it was a pleasant Hill Country drive into Austin.

Near the end of the Fall Semester in Austin, my father back in Los Angeles had a mild heart attack. I was also thinking that I wasn't getting much work done on my dissertation in Austin. I had spent much of the Fall writing a paper about Mahâtmâ Gandhi. So I got ready to drive back and spent some time in LA.

This drive only took four days, but I still liked staying with friends. My aunt was juggling relatives at the time, so I drove straight from San Angelo to Albuquerque, by way of Lubbock and Clovis, places I have never seen otherwise. From Albququerque, I drove down I-25 and I-10 to Lordsburg, whence I turned off onto the scenic route of US 60 through Safford, Miami, and Apache Junction, Arizona. December, however, is not the best month for scenic driving, and it was quite dark by the time I got to Phoenix. I went through Mesa on the way in, and was astonished how much the place had grown since I was there in 1970. I gather it has continued growing since. I spent the night at a motel, left early, and got into LA by noon.

I was in Los Angeles all of 1980. Sadly, my father died that May. By the Fall, my mother was able to get away on her first trip to Europe. Afterwards, my cousin Cheryl was driving in from Denver for the holidays and suggested that we get together and drive up to Mt. St. Helens, which had erupted May 18th. That sounded good. I flew up to Sacramento, and she picked me up at the airport, having left Winnemucca, Nevada, that morning. We spent the night with her aunt and uncle, unrelated to me, in Colusa, north of Sacramento. From there we drove up through the Sierra, to Mt. Lassen, down around Mt. Shasta, and then up for the night to Klamath, Oregon. The next morning we drove back into California to the Lava Beds National Monument, where Captain Jack of the Modoc Indians held off the U.S. Army. We even explored some lava tubes, which I have not otherwise seen outside of Hawai'i. From there we drove all the way to Crater Lake, which was closed to tourists and buried under snow. That was remarkable in its own right. Well after dark, we got into Bend, Oregon, for the night. The next day we drove into Portland to stay with my cousin Jo. From there we made our excursion to Mt. St. Helens. The whole area, of course, was still closed off. Our only hope was to get close enough at some point that we could even see the mountain. This we were able to do by driving up on the south side, which had not been devastated by the eruption, which was directed north.

On the way back we first drove down to Eureka. This involved some exciting driving on US 101 in the dark and the rain. With trucks going by trailing walls of mist, the road was often only visible because of the new reflective buttons that had been installed on the center stripe. Now, I was originally unable to precisely date this trip because I apparently didn't note anything about it on my calendars. However, I did know an event for the night we were in Eureka. The television season that year had been delayed because of a strike, and that night was one of the first shows of the new season of the television series Dallas:  the memorable show where we found out Who Shot J.R. (Mary Crosby). That show was aired on November 21, 1980 (a Dallas website has the dates of all the shows), so that serves to determine all the dates of the trip. We needed to be back in LA before Thanksgiving.

From Eureka we spent a very long day coming down US 101 and then California 1 through Ft. Bragg to Bodega Bay (of The Birds fame). The coast road was long, narrow, and winding. We were very tired by the time we got to Bodega Bay, and Cheryl's dog, Scotch, a miniature collie, who had travelled very well all the way, got sick in the car. But we pressed on inland, all the way back to Colusa. We laid over there and took a day to go into San Francisco -- the last time I remember visiting there when it was easy to ride the cable cars -- now you can no longer just jump on in between stops. But we weren't done yet. From Colusa we drove all the way down to Big Sur, which neither of us had seen, and then over the mountains into the Salinas Valley, over the next mountains to Hanford, where Cheryl's sister Jaci (with husband and children) lived. After a nice night there, we came the rest of the way into LA.

That year, on Labor Day, my 1965 Volkswagen Squareback had gotten rearended and totalled. I flew back to Austin after Christmas and then bought a new car that January, the 1972 Volkswagen Beetle, Yoda, that I still own. This was the year, 1981, of the Memorial Day Flood in Austin. Shortly afterwards, I hit the road for my most ambitious driving trip to date. My friend Helga no longer lived in San Angelo, so I headed for Dallas, where an old officemate from Honolulu, Bob Queyrouze, had relocated -- stopping off at the Texas Rangers Hall of Fame in Waco on the way.

After a nice visit in Dallas, I drove across north Texas, through Childress and Amarillo, to Albquerque. The High Plains thereabouts looked different from other parts of Texas I knew. And the Red River actually was red. I got off to a rocky start, however, getting a flat tire on the freeway in Dallas, in the dark and the rain early in the morning. Although it seemed dangerous and annoying (especially with the spare buried in the trunk under my stuff), I had had good practice in changing tires on Volkswagens, and later in the morning I stopped off to get the flat fixed. That day took 13 hours, which seemed at the time about the longest straight drive through I had done by myself.

Once in Abulquerque with Craig and his new girlfriend, I got to go along on a trip out to Cuba, New Mexico, to visit our old friend from Beirut days, Alan Campbell, who was working as a paramedic there. With Alan and his girlfriend, we visited Chaco Canyon, the only time I've been there. There had been plague in the area, and Alan was actually taken a strong antibiotic because he had been exposed to pneumonic plague from a guy who later died in Gallup.

After all this excitment, I drove up to Cheryl's own place in Denver. After touring around Denver, which I had not seen before, together we drove up to our aunt and uncle's in the Black Hills of South Dakota. This was quite a trip in its own right, seeing Mt. Rushmore, etc. After returning to Denver, I headed back to Albuquerque, this time along the scenic route up the Arkansas River, to the Great Sand Dunes National Monument, and through Taos, which I hadn't seen before (or since). A brief layover with Craig, and I drove down through Socorro and the valley of the VLA (the Very Large Array radio telescope), Show Low and Payson, Arizona, and then down to Phoenix. I was going to spend the night there, and it was sure hot, 110o. Unfortunately, the motels in the central city were all full with several conventions. After hunting around a bit, I decided to drive on in to LA. Without air conditioning, I poured water from gallon jugs onto paper towels to wipe off my face and arms. I was in Blythe by dark and LA by midnight.

After the summer and the fall in Los Angeles, I was ready to head back to Austin for the Spring. This was going to be a no frills drive, more or less straight through, though with a stop in Alamogordo. I was going to try and get there in one day, but Yoda had diferent ideas. I noticed an unusual oil leak before leaving. By the time I got to Blythe, the leak was clearly into the clutch from the engine, and the clutch was slipping. Fortunately, there was a guy at the gas station in Blythe, Nacho, who was eager to fix it -- with the help of the VW service manuels. He actually did, though it look from 10 in the morning until 6 in the evening. While he was working, I checked into a Motel 6, where the heat didn't work (it was December) and the people at the desk didn't seem too concerned about it. So when the car was ready, I drove on in to Phoenix and stayed at a nice Roadway Inn near the airport. The next day was an easy drive to Alamogordo.

For the leg on into Austin, I took a slightly different route, over the mountains to Roswell, then down through Abilene and Brownwood, to come down into Austin on US 183.

That semester I had a teaching job twice a week in San Antonio and spent considerable time on I-35, sometimes in ice storms -- it was a very cold winter, down to 12o in Austin that January. This would be the last stay in Austin, since I wasn't getting enough done working at other things. Poverty in LA to finish the dissertation would be worth it.

Another no frills drive, through Alamogordo again, and off to another rocky start. Straight through by way of San Angelo and Hobbs, New Mexico, but this time the generator bearing burned out in Artesia, New Mexico. Fortunately, the engine didn't actually freeze up until I pulled into a gas station. Although the closest AAA towing was in Clovis, the guys in the gas station said there was a local guy who worked on Volkswagens. He towed Yoda and dropped me off at a motel, which turned out to be owned by people from India, the first time I had heard of that phenomenon -- walking into the office, I was, astonished, bowled over by the scent of curry. I got a discount by paying him in cash, off the books I suspect, and he installed another generator. Not a new one, but it did last a year or so.

At my aunt and uncle's, near Tularosa, I noticed that a glass of iced tea, sitting on the wooden arm of a chair, left no water whatsoever on the surface. So different from Texas.

I woke up at 4:30 on the morning of May 20 and drove all the way to LA, by way of I-8 and San Diego. I ate sandwiches that my aunt had made, and only stopped for gas. It took about 16 hours, but it was still light when I got in. That was the last time Yoda would be out of California for a good while.

Over the next few years, I went along on a couple of one way drives. In 1983 I flew to my cousin Cheryl's in Denver. Landed in the middle of a blizzard. It took Cheryl three tries to get up her driveway through the snow into her garage, and we were snowed in for a day. Pretty nice, actually. She was going to do her annual drive to LA again, and along the way we could see scenic parts of Utah, where I had never been before. This included nights at Moab, near Arches National Park, and Mt. Carmel, just east of Zion National Park. The most awesome part was actually driving across the Colorado River through the Glen Canyon National Recreation Area. The next day was the first time I had been through Las Vegas since '75, but we didn't stop. There had still been a lot of snow on the highway in Colorado, and the last ice didn't fall out of the wheel wells until we stopped for lunch west of Barstow.

I had been flying back to Austin every year to consult with my dissertation advisor, Doug Browning, and visit. I finally finished and graduated in '85, but then went back for another visit by hitching a ride one way with my aunt Lorraine and my uncle Dan, who was going to one of his World War II fighter squadron reunions in Houston.

This was another no frills trip, but in an airconditioned Cadillac. The first day we actually had an easy drive to Phoenix, staying at the very same Roadway Inn I had used in 1981. The second leg stuck to I-10, and we stayed in Van Horn, Texas, in an area I had actually missed all the years of driving back and forth. The way into Austin, on I-10 and US 290, was a route I hadn't been over completely since the original trip to Austin in 1975. The humidity increased steadily along the way, of course, but it was not noticeable until we got out of the car in Austin. My aunt could hardly believe how oppressive it was, but she hadn't been in Texas in quite a while. It was on this sojourn in Austin that I learned of the death my old classmate, Frank Lambert.

My life changed quite a bit when I finally got a job, after some time on the beach, in 1987. With my new girlfriend and then wife, Jackie, we travelled quite a bit, partly by driving, but mainly by flying places, including Texas, New Mexico, Colorado, and Japan. That could involve local driving, even all around New Mexico from Albuquerque to Alamogordo and Santa Fe, but none of the really long drives I had engaged in earlier.

When Jackie finished her dissertation and got her job at Princeton, we began travelling on the East Coast. This included a couple of fairly long drives, one from Niagara Falls to Princeton and Princeton to Burlington, Vermont, that both took about ten hours. Otherwise, the distances were more moderate. On the West Coast, we drove to Big Sur and San Francisco for our honeymoon and then, for various anniversaries, to Las Vegas, Lake Tahoe, the Grand Canyon, and other locations. We also took trips to Death Valley and San Diego.

By 2003 it had been a very long time, more than 20 years, since I had done one of the really long drives, let alone done one by myself. Since I was beginning to plan for my retirement, when I could move back to Princeton, and I had a storage space full of stuff that I couldn't even get to, I began to think it might be fun, and useful, to vacate the space and move most or all of that stuff back right away. Books on shelves in New Jersey would actually be more accessible than books buried in boxes in storage.

So I rented a U-Haul truck. Providentially, my cousin Guy and his girlfriend offered to help load the truck. Without them, I think the job would have taken a whole day and perhaps destroyed me. As it was, it only took part of a morning, exhausting me and tearing some skin off a thumb, but limiting the trauma. That afternoon, I loaded some stuff from the house and garage, including things my friend Marc had left in the hope I could drive them to Atlanta for him. Driving around on these errands familiarized me with the truck. I had had no experience with such driving. The truck handled and accelerated very nicely. The main problem was getting used to the huge blind spot and learning to use the mirrors. It would take a while to be at all confident about that. And there was also the problem of just developing a sense of how large the truck was, for maneuvering and parking. This was a challenge, and I am still more or less surprising that I never hit anything along the way.

The trip was not going to be purely utilitarian. I not only wanted to visit friends but to revisit the past. My aunt and uncle in Alamogordo, high and dry, had meanwhile moved to Puget Sound, low and wet. They wanted a change, and that will do it. But I was still going to swing down to Austin, largely by the route that Gaye and I had taken in 1975.

The first day I was going to shake down just by driving to Kingman, Arizona. Leaving early in the afternoon, I did get slowed by heavy traffic on I-210 and I-15 in the Cajon Pass. I got gas and ate in Needles, and then found a Motel 6 in Kingman. This one seemed rather nicer than the Motel 6 I had experienced in Blythe in 1981. Awakening around 5 AM, I hit the road straightaway. Breakfast was in Winslow, as it had been in 1975. The place Gaye and I ate, however, was no more, and I had to go downtown. But I did find a nice restaurant there and even bought a "Standing on a Corner in Winslow, Arizona" T-shirt. I was driving through Albquerque by midday, through because now my friend Craig and his wife were living up above La Tijeras, where I-40 passes between the two ridges of the Sandia Mountains just east of Albuquerque. My layover there was deliberately on the weekend, but it was too clever by half to be on a Sunday, since almost all the restaurants in Santa Fe are closed on Sunday. We went anyway, and ate at the Cowgirl Cafe, which was great.

I was expecting a very long drive from Albququerque to Austin, but it actually only took 12 hours, and I got in well before dark. I had stayed a number of times at the Hyatt on Town Lake, and I went there again. It wasn't long before I was eating dinner (chicken fried steak, mashed potatoes, and black-eyed peas) with my friend Robert at Threadgill's on North Lamar. Unfortunately, since I was only laying over for one day, I couldn't do nearly as much visiting and eating as I would have liked. But it would have to do.

I did realize that one advantage of staying at a hotel or motel, rather than with friends, is that it is easier to get up and get away. I woke up about 5 AM again in Austin, expecting a long day. I had originally thought about spending the night at Vicksburg, but since it was only about midday by the time I got there, I decided to push through all the way to Atlanta. This ended up taking 15 hours. I didn't even stop to eat, snacking on bananas I had bought in Albuquerque and cinnamon rolls from the Little Czech Stop along I-35 in Texas. To drink I had Gatorade all the way from Los Angeles. Driving across the Deep South for the first time, outside the cities, I seemed to be seeing nothing but forest. Forest all the way from East Texas to Atlanta. Not exactly what I expected, but then I hadn't known what to expect. It was nice I did have airconditioning. It was dark and raining by the time I got to Atlanta and had a wild ride around the Beltway in heavy traffic. My friends Marc and Cathy were in Alpharata, a bit north of the city. I had not visited them there since 1984, when I flew in after my dissertation defense.

Unloading Marc's stuff and laying over a day again, the sightseeing was limited and the visiting the main thing. Fortunately, Marc was heading for the airport the next day, so it was less of a problem getting away early than it might have been otherwise. At that point, I was expecting to go the distance to New Jersey. This ended up taking 15.5 hours, with an unknown amount of that absorbed by Rush Hour traffic in Washington, D.C., which I happened to hit at the worst time of day. Up till then the drive had been largely relaxing. I stopped for breakfast at a Waffle House in Spartanburg, South Carolina, and lunch right inside Virginia. After dark, the drive was a little more stressful. I-95 goes up through Delaware and Philadelphia. Getting near Wilmington, Delaware, however, there was some freeway notice that I-95 was closed and there was a detour. I was thinking that this meant in Philadelphia, which apparently was not the case, but in any case, in the dark, I was not going to be able to read the roadmap to see what this was all about. Fortunately, there is a bridge south of Wilmington that crosses over to New Jersey at the beginning of I-295. I knew exactly where I-295 went, all the way to US 1 in Trenton, so I went that way. It was a good little way, with roadwork messing things up a bit, but I knew the US 1 offramp well when I got to it. It was an easy and familiar drive from there home, to the gravel on our driveway that I had had delivered myself.

Twenty years since my last long drive, this was altogether something different -- a drive right across the country, the LA River to the Delaware River. It was not bad at all. I had never had a problem with drowsiness on long drives. The only time I had ever experienced it was early in the morning. Later I would be wide awake no matter how long I went. Unwinding enough to fall asleep later tended to be the problem. My experience was similar this time. The cab of the truck was comfortable. It also helped that the 55 MPH speed limit was gone. Instead of pushing 60 on I-10, the speed limit there now was 75. Everyone was moving around 80. That sure added up. Even I-20 had a 70 MPH limit. Things only slowed down when I hit D.C. The next time, when I finally move back East, I think I'll avoid that city.

Come 2009 and it was time to retire. After a year of frustrating and exasperating administrative stuff as Chairman of my Department, I was feeling particularly tied down and trapped. Then, getting off the plane from Newark in January, I was also feeling pretty sick of flying. I decided quickly that come June, and with my retirement, I was going to return to Princeton by driving straight through, no holds barred, as fast and as quickly as possible. Indeed, I had taken eight days in 2003, with detours and layovers. Now I would not even consider unncessary intermediate stops. How quickly could it be done?

Looking at the maps with distances and estimated drive times, I began to think that I could make the drive in three days. My DeLorme Street Atlas 7.0 gave a complete drive time as about 48 hours. That could be done in three 16 hour days. Long days, but do-able. It was constrained, however, by where stops could conveniently be made. Albuquerque was the only reasonable stop for the first day. I was even thinking for a while about going up to Dixon, New Mexico, almost all the way to Taos, the first day, since some friends from Austin had recently moved there. However, this was significantly out of the way, adding perhaps four hours on the round trip, so I stayed again with my friend Craig, who lives in a canyon above Tijeras, just east of Albuquerque, and all but within sight of I-40.

Leaving LA before dawn, but not before light, I was headed for I-210 but was warned off that there was an accident. So I ended up driving to I-15 on I-10, and hence to the beginning of I-40 near Barstow. It was actually raining a bit out in the desert, off and on all the way to Flagstaff. In all the years of driving back and forth to Texas, this was only the second time, after 2003, of taking the fastest Interstate route on I-40 to Albququerque. Stopping off for lunch in Flagstaff and for some gifts at the Meteor Crater, I made it to Albuquerque in 12 hours, 13 by the clock with the time change. Craig and his wife took me out for pizza to a nearby place with a Grateful Dead themed decor.

The next day was into Terra Incognita, since I had never been east of Amarillo on I-40. Western Oklahoma looked more like Midwestern farm land than like the High Plains of the Panhandle, but then eastern Oklahoma, along I-44, was hilly and wooded. Not what I expected. I had breakfast at a Stuckey's in Texas and then lunch at a MacDonald's on I-44. I was hoping to make it all the way to St. Louis, but by the time I got to Springfield, Missouri, there was clearly not enough daylight left to go that far. So I stayed at a Ramada Inn there. It had been 13.5 hours that day, and I just had a banana and some snacks by way of dinner.

I was up about 4:30 the next morning and left in full darkness. If that was morning rush hour in St. Louis, it wasn't worse than a bit of slowing. I got a brief but dramatic view of the Gateway Arch as I neared and crossed the Mississippi River. Most of Illinois, Indiana, and Ohio where then farmland. Craig thought it would be a pretty boring drive, but I enjoyed the landscape anyway. My complaints where (1) that the exit for gas at Highland, Illinois, meant a four mile drive off the freeway, and (2) in passing through Columbus, Ohio, I-70 narrowed down at one point to one lane, which backed up and slowed down considerably. This struck me as one of the worse bits of road design I've ever seen. Indianapolis, on the other hand, made for a nice drive past some handsome downtown buildings. I only stopped once to eat, in Indiana, but otherwise snacked on bananas in the car.

I didn't realize until getting close that I-70 passes through a finger of West Virginia, at Wheeling. This was also a very winding stretch of the freeway, with speeds down to 45 or so at some points. Getting into Pennsylvania, I was soon on the Pennsylvania Turnpike. By then I had been on the road more than 12 hours, with the whole width of Pennsylvania before me. But I couldn't imagine stopping with only that left before the end. It took longer than I expected, a good six hours. I got into Princton at midnight, eighteen hours after leaving Springfield, Missouri. That's the longest day's drive I've ever done, beating the old record by two hours -- for a total since LA of 43.5 hours, 4.5 hours better than the Street Atlas estimate.

The final stretch was not without its misadventures. I didn't have a very good idea what the distance was going to be. I didn't want to stop and take the time for a close study of the map, and the Pennsylvania Turnpike very unhelpfully does not feature destination and distance sights -- count this as complaint (3). I only remember one sign actually announcing that the road was headed for Philadelphia. Otherwise, distances were only given to the next couple of exits. As it got dark, I could no longer glance at the map to see how far each exit was from New Jersey. I could have stopped to use the map, but I couldn't see spending the time on something that didn't matter anyway. So I lived with the frustation. As it happened, I would have been better off checking on the map, because I was laboring under a confusion about the Pennsylvania Turnpike. I knew it went all the way to the Delaware River and joined up with the New Jersey Turnpike there. That was the route I planned on using. However, I was laboring under the misconception that it coincided with I-76 all that way. Approaching Philadelphia, I was suddenly faced with an exit for I-76! This was confusing and alarming, and I almost darted across traffic to go that way. Mercifully I didn't, or I would have ended up going in the wrong direction and entangled in downtown Philadelphia. The Turnpike continued as I-276. I didn't know what this was, or where it was really taking me, but the signs did say it was headed for New Jersey, which sounded good -- as indeed this was actually the route I intended on taking.

Eventually I-276 crossed US1. I got off there, not because I really wanted to go up US1, but just because I would know exactly where I was, without even checking the map. US1 soon cross I-95, which I also knew, so I ended up crossing the Delaware on I-95 and exiting onto the very familiar stretch of US1 north of Trenton. According to the Street Atlas, this was supposed to be the shortest route anyway. So by midnight I rolled into our driveway, a little late and a little confused but never actually, as it happened, lost. And then I was only late because I had underestimated the distance by an hour or an hour and a half. Not bad after getting up in the middle of Missouri that morning. Those last few hours, however, did reinforce my dislike of driving at night. Not only does it make it more difficult to consult the maps, but with the landscape invisible, it removes all the charm of cross-country driving. I might as well have been on US101 driving through Thousand Oaks, California, as on the Pennsylvania Turnpike. Fortunately, the stretch of the Turkpike east of Harrisburg I had been over before, so I wasn't missing land I had never seen, but that didn't make that part of the drive any more enjoyable.

While staying in Princeton, Jackie and I did a trip up to Massachussetts for our 18th wedding anniversary and her birthday. This was, of course, pleasing in its own right, and it was our first experience travelling some distance together in my Mini Cooper. Despite its size, the car was completely comfortable on the long drives, and it was also comfortable for the the two of us -- though it would not have held three people with the back seat folded down to hold luggage. Here is the car in our driveway in New Jersey. I also took it in to Mini of Princeton to see if everything was all right after driving 2800 miles from California. No problem.

Eventually the day approached to head back to California. I wanted to take a little more time for that and along the way visit my relatives in South Dakota and my friends in New Mexico. With the post office holding my mail for only 30 days, however, I begrudged the deadline and hated to spend time on the road that I could have been spending with my wife. So the compromise was for a six day drive. The detour to South Dakota would add another very long day's drive to the trip and significantly more miles.

The first day was all Turnpikes all the way to the Illinois State Line, starting with the New Jersey Turnpike, then the Pennsylvania Turnpike, the Ohio Turnpike, and finally the Indiana Toll Road. This was all straighforward and convenient, and it began with the route I had intended to take when coming and then the stretch through Pennsylvania I had missed in the dark. The on-road service areas in general are nicely spaced and eliminate questions about where to get gas or get something to eat (although it can be a bit disorienting -- Twilight Zone distorienting -- when the service areas in one State are absolutely identical to each other, one after another). As it happened, the only meal I had was lunch, in Ohio, otherwise snacking again on bananas, the gingerbread my wife had baked for me, and some other items. The moment of decision came at Chicago. I planned on going all the way to Madison, Wisconsin, that evening, where I had even made a hotel reservation. It had taken about 12.5 hours at that point, gaining an hour with the change to Central Time. The AAA had recommended bypassing central Chicago on I-294, but I had never driven anywhere near downtown Chicago, and I-90 went right by it. I decided to risk the traffic and stay on I-90. I needn't have worried. The traffic was easy going into town. And I got a close and impressive look at the Sears Tower. Coming out of Chicago was then terrible, but the worst of it, beyond O'Hare, was well past where I-294 rejoined I-90 anyway. So I needn't have worried about the bypass, but I was dreadfully slowed by the traffic, which remained heavy all the way to Wisconsin. I later realized that I was trapped in the Friday flow of people getting away for the weekend. There were a lot of boats on trailers headed for lakes in Wisconsin. So the whole day took a good 16 hours, though I was still into Madison well before dark. I had a hotel just a couple of blocks from the State Capitol. I wanted to go back there since I had only seen the city in a deep freeze at New Year's 1986, when I flew in to visit some friends from Texas who were living there for a while. Indeed, lakes with water look very different from lakes covered by ice; and Madison enjoys a lovely location.

My enjoyment of the views, however, was brief. I was up by 4:30 again. Still some boats on I-90, but a much more pleasurable drive. I had not been eating much in the way of breakfast on the road (not since Stuckey's in Texas), and I was now dermined to change this. I found a place in, I believe, Mauston, Wisconsin. It was a great breakfast. They even had hash brown potatoes, which I have not been getting at the places I typically eat in LA or Princeton. That, eggs, and sausage kept me going, with snacks, all the way to the Black Hills. After crossing the Mississippi at, well, La Crosse, Minnesota at first was hilly and forested. Then it flattened out and I saw something I had not previously seen:  mile after mile after mile of extensive corn fields on both sides of the highway. The farms from Oklahoma to Ohio to Wisconsin seemed much more broken up and wooded. This was more like North by Northwest fields, which perhaps is the way Iowa looks also. Getting into South Dakota, that began to change. The land dried out, becoming pasture and then praire. The long rolling plains were a landform, the High Plains, I had not seen since the Texas Panhandle. Then mountains appeared on the horizon, the Black Hills. I had not seen something quite like that since leaving the Sandias at Albuquerque.

I had not been back to my relatives' in South Dakota since the 1981 trip detailed above. A lot was familiar, but there had been changes, new building, and I was not remembering other details well. After a long day since breakfast in Wisconsin, we had dinner at the pizza place in Hermosa run by my cousin Jim and his son. The next day, my cousin Linda (whom I had visited in Las Vegas in 1975) drove me around, to Rapid City, which I had not actually seen before, and then back down by Mt. Rushmore, the Crazy Horse monument (showing some progress), and the city of Custer.

Ready to drive back to New Mexico the next day, I woke up at 2:30 that night and couldn't get back to sleep. Well, I might as well be on the road. So I was on a very dark highway at 3 AM. But there was some good moonlight. By dawn I was well into Wyoming, where I stopped for breakfast in Wheatland -- the Wheatland Family Restaurant I think it was. Even better hash-browns. Without absolutely no one on I-25 around me in the wee hours, I tried taking the Mini Cooper up to 100 mph. It felt fine, but I didn't want to temp any unwanted attention. Getting into Colorado, I managed to hit Denver right around morning rush hour. There was some slowing, though that seemed to be the result of a couple of accidents. Nevertheless, the traffic and the whole freeway system, now with a tollroad, seemed much greater than I remember from my last time in Denver, in 1992.

South of Denver, they were working on I-25 a lot. At one point it was even closed, with a detour through Walsenburg. The two traffic lights in the town were not adjusted for the new traffic flow, which reduced motion to a crawl going into town. Not very considerate or responsible on the part of the traffic authorities, who should have realized what a jam that would create. No such delays in New Mexico. So I arrived in Santa Fe 12 hours and 45 minutes after leaving Hermosa, South Dakota. My friends, however, lived in Dixon, New Mexico, another hour north of Santa Fe, at a place without an address. I needed their directions and, being much earlier than they expected, they were out shoppping. Since Dixon was also in a cell phone dead zone, I had to return to Espanola to wait and contact them by phone. So after a bit of comical delay, I eventually got connected, met up, and followed the way to their place. The next day we went in for a great visit to Taos, which I had driven through once, but never in all my days in New Mexico had visited properly. So we saw the Pueblo and various other sites, having a supremely terrific New Mexico lunch at a place called Orlando's. I said it was already perhaps the lunch of the decade.

After dinner that evening, I thought I would get a head start by going ahead down to Albuquerque and spending the night in a hotel. Since that was a 1 hour and 50 minute drive, even without traffic, it did enable me to be on I-40 the next morning at 5 AM again. Breakfast this day would be in Winslow, Arizona, at the Falcon Restaurant and Lounge, where I had eaten in 2003. Winslow, of course, is hallowed by the Eagle's song "Take it Easy" in 1972 (written by Jackson Browne and Glenn Frey), as noted above -- where my first wife and I had breakfast in 1975. Unfortuately, Winslow in general strikes me as place bypassed by I-40 and withering on the vine. Thus, at right is one of the old Route 66 motels, now boarded up. The restaurant where I had eaten in 1975 was closed. It is thus hard to visit the town without a feeling of melancholy.

After such a hearty breakfast, I went the rest of the way into Los Angeles. From Albuqerque, it was 8 hours to the Colorado River and then 4 more hours to home, arriving at 4 PM after the time change, and beating most of the heavier traffic. A fine finish to a most gratifying adventure.

There was to be a good deal more driving in 2009. A two step trip began on September 25th, when I drove up to visit relatives in Redding. I had already done that drive up I-5. It took about 8.5 hours. This was to be more scenic, by way of the Owens Valley, Reno, and Susanville, California; and it took more like 12 hours. There are few places quite like the Owens Valley, with the Sierra Nevada on the west side and the White Mountains on the east. I was hoping to have a late breakfast at Jack's restaurant in Bishop. I got there about 11 AM, but the place was jammed. It looked like the most popular restaurant in the Valley. After vainly looking for a convenient parking place, I continued on up US 395. There would have been restaurants at Mammoth or June Lake, but they were too far off the highway. So I ended up in Lee Vining, a most dramatic location above Mono Lake, at the foot of the road down from Tioga Pass. This was also the farthest north I had been on US 395 until the year 2000. There I found Nicely's, a pleasant and uncrowded restaurant. Susanville was a part of California I had never seen. Indeed, I'm not sure I had even heard of the town previously. Besides the sights, one reason I drove the eastern side of the Sierra was to avoid the heat in the Central Valley. Coming down into Redding, the thermometer shot up. Over the next couple of days, records may have been set, but I was comfortable in my aunt and cousin's air conditioned houses. After a couple of days, I drove down, picked up my wife in Berkeley, and we spent three nights at the Mark Hopkin's in San Francisco. The familiar drive down US 101, stopping at a couple of Missions (San Juan Bautista and San Miguel), completed the trip.

This was only the beginning of travel in the Fall. My wife went on to Japan for a couple of months, and then in November I caught up with her. We visited several sights of great interest, including the site of the Battle of Dan-no-Ura at Shimonoseki and the Byôdô-in temple in Uji, whose reproduction I had just seen while stopping off in Honolulu. This was the longest I had ever stayed in Japan. We both returned to the States exhausted and quickly came down with very nasty colds.

My wife flew back to Princeton, and I needed to decide how I would follow her to spend the holidays there. I had not made plane reservations, and it was getting to be too late to do so for reasonable fares. But I was weary of air travel again, especially after the flights of many hours it took to get to and from Japan. I had also been wanting all Fall to visit Las Vegas, where I had not been in 1996. So I decided, with some trepidation, to drive back to Princeton again.

A couple nights in Las Vegas was a good start. In 1996, we had celebrated our 5th wedding anniversary at the Sands, a month before it closed. So this time I stayed at the Venetian, which was built on the site. It is gargantuan, but I enjoyed it a lot. I also took full advantage of the time to see the Blue Man Group for the first time, and the Circe de Soleil adult show, "Zumanity." Then it was time for the serious driving. I drove to Denver in one day, leaving before sunrise and arriving after dark. At right is Hotei, like the Roaming Gnome, parked at a Scenic Overlook off I-70 in Utah. This snow-covered landscape was something I felt I had often seen from the air at that time of year, but it was very different, vast, cold, and lonely, from the ground. It felt like the Roof of the World, even though the mountains in Colorado were higher. I-70 in Colorado, however, seemed mostly to go through canyons, and it avoided the summit of the Front Range with the Eisenhower Tunnel. It was dark by then, but it was land I had also seen several times already.

In Denver, I spent the night at the historic Brown Palace Hotel, where my wife and I were for our first wedding anniversary. I felt like a vampire, since I was up and on the road before dawn the next morning. I did not see Denver in daylight this trip. The next drive was not as long, or scenic, but also with a goal of greater significance. I was in Kansas City well before dark and stayed at the Marriott on 12th Street, where I had been with my mother in 1998, on her last trip. This time, my goal was Arthur Bryant's Barbecue, which I had missed in '98. I was a little concerned that it might be the sort of place to be closed on a Monday night. No problem. My only regret is that I couldn't finish the beef sandwich that I ordered. It seemed like a crime to leave all that food. But I was certainly impressed, pleased, and full. The hotel was all but vacant in those last days before Christmas. The taxi driver who took me to Bryant's had not had a fare all day and he waited for me while I ate. I was the only customer in the hotel bar later, and the woman playing the piano expressed alarm when I left after only one drink. But I had to go back to my room to e-mail my Congressman not to vote for Obamacare. Like he was going to pay attention to me -- and didn't.

The next day, I ended up driving all the way to Princeton. This took more than 20 hours, but I was more relaxed and handled it better than a similarly long drive in June. I still couldn't see sitting in some strange motel watching television, when I could be sitting in the car watching the road instead, and arrive home to our own bed. Of course, it is all right to fall asleep watching television, but not watching the road. Nevertheless, however imprudent they may be, I really don't get sleepy on such drives. So now Hotei got to sit out in the snow in New Jersey.

The drive back to LA in January 2010, like the stop in Kansas City, had eating goals. Slipping in between the weather fronts, driving up the lovely and historic Shenandoah Valley, and stopping for the night in Knoxville, Tennessee, my first destination was New Orleans, which I had not seen since 1997. I wanted, of course, to check out and support the post-Katrina City, but I also wanted to see how well I had done with my Shrimp Creole recipe, which had been inspired by what I had had in a French Quarter restaurant. I wasn't even sure if I could find the same restaurant, but I did: Pere Antoine, at St. Ann & Royal Streets. I still loved their Shrimp Creole, and I also felt that mine was indeed quite good in comparison. I also commended them that now they had real Tabasco Sauce on the tables, not some hot sauce from Texas, which they were using in 1997.

Not content with one comparison, the next night I had Shrimp Creole again at the Desire Oyster Bar on Bourbon Street. The comparison was instructive. The Desire dish had much more in the way of shrimp and vegetables, more like my dish. But it was not (spicy) hot at all, and I think this seriously detracted from the taste. So I felt considerable satisfaction about the eating goals of the trip.

Meanwhile, of course, there was the extraordinary experience of the French Quarter and Bourbon Street, with its own unique combination of eating, jazz, booze, and strippers. I don't know anyplace else quite like it. I even had an intriguing conversation of a couple hours in one bar with the visiting proprietor of the Red Jacket Orchards of Upstate New York.

From New Orleans, I drove to Austin. I wasn't able to avoid all the weather, since it rained steadily from Houston to Austin, but at least with temperatures well above freezing. The goals there were eating and visiting. Within 24 hours of arriving, I had eaten at Threadgill's, the Magnolia Cafe, the Texas Chili Parlor, and the Scholz Beer Garden. At that point, I didn't have room for dinner. The specific eating goal involved the gingerbread pancakes at the Magnolia Cafe. To my suprise the pancakes were light in color, with little or no molasses in them, and had a much stronger ginger taste than I remembered. I prefer the molasses, but now I experiment with greater doses of ginger.

My visiting goals involved a suprrise. The Chairman of my Doctoral Dissertation Committee, long retired, Douglas Browning, has become a mystery and fantasy writer. Thus he joins my friends Lynne Murray and Craig Nettleton in the murder mystery business. I wish them all every success.

After brunch/lunch at Curra's Grill, I was again too full for dinner and so brought my Texas eating to an end. The next day I ended up driving all the way to Los Angeles, almost entirely on the long familiar I-10. I was driving in rain west of Phoenix, which otherwise is some of the worst desert I have ever seen. I may never drive into Blythe again in such rainfall. Another 20 hour plus day, but it then held the virtue of avoiding all the traffic on the San Bernardino Freeway in through downtown LA. Well worth the long day.

In May, 2010, I decided to return to Death Valley and to Las Vegas. With the former, I wanted to see some things that my wife and I had not seen when we went there in 1993, especially Scotty's Castle, which I had never seen. Leaving LA early and driving up by way of Trona and the amazing, and empty, Panamint Valley, I had breakfast in Stovepipe Wells. The road up the Valley was torn up, with large unknown segments reduce to dirt. So I went to the Castle by way of Beatty, Nevada, stopping at the ghost town of Rhyolite along the way. The old bank building in Rhyolite is something I had been wanting to see for years, after it had turned up in movies, commercials, and even Playboy videos. Scotty's Castle itself was like a concentrated version of the Hearst Castle, in a much less accessible and much more hostile environment. Along the road in Nevada it was striking to see brothels openly advertised and available for business.

In Las Vegas, I stayed at the Bellagio, with a view of the fountains, and caught up on the shows I had actually wanted to see back in December. These included Rita Rudner at Harrah's, Penn & Teller at the Rio, and Peepshow at Planet Hollywood -- at least one show, after all, should have some kind of nudity in it. Rita Rudner was impressive and sweet, with her humor keeping up with her age, which doesn't seem too different from mine. Penn & Teller, as I might have expected, used their show to make some political points and to debunk psychics. A lot of what they did looked impossible. I bought a copy of the Bill of Rights they were selling, printed on metal to set off metal detectors at airports.

I still didn't do any gambling. I was sitting at a bar in the Bellagio, and before me was some kind of electronic card game. I looked at it carefully and punched some buttons, but I never did figure out how to get it going or, if you needed to insert money to start it, where you actually did that. They seem to be making it terribly hard for the marks to lose their money. In the old days, it was obvious where to insert your coins in a slot machine or some other kind of game. Now it seems to require some kind of instruction. I understand that they want everything to be confusing after they've got your money, but it is the wrong idea to make it perplexing from the start.

Come June, I was ready to drive across the country again. There was some catching up to do and some things to see that I had missed or skipped in the previous drives. I also wanted to avoid putting myself in the position of doing a 20+ hour drive on the last day, something I had now done three times.

The first step was to see the "Standin' On The Corner Park" in Winslow, Arizona, where I stopped to have lunch. It turned out that I had already driven right by the place without realizing it. It is done up very nicely, although it is a little sad to think that this is now Winslow's principal claim to fame. The gift shop across the street had a great selection of Route 66 memorability and, most importantly, refrigerator magnets. Lunch was at the Falcon, as before, although I'm afraid that the place looks increasingly seedy.

Albquerque was 12 hours from LA again. The rest stops in Arizona were closed, perhaps because of budget cuts. I spent four nights in Albuquerque to catch up on visiting, staying at a hotel to get a good view of the Sandias, which I really had not seen well since staying in town to visit Trinity Site in 1997.

The first full day, my friend Craig drove me up into the Sandias to do a little hiking and to see Sandia Crest. The antenna farm has grown considerably over the years. That night, I went down to have dinner at the Old Plaza in Albquerque, which I don't think I had visited since the 1970's. The second day, I drove all the way up to Dixon, New Mexico, to visit my friends there again. Now I knew how to find their place. We went into Taos for lunch, although many places were closed because it was Sunday. Back in Albuquerque for the third day, Craig drove us all the way to Santa Fe for lunch. Again, I had not been to one of the main Santa Fe restaurants, in this case The Shed, for many, many years. The food is incomparable, worth the drive from LA just for that alone.

So after strategic catching up, visiting, and eating, I was ready to hit the road again. This was going to be through Oklahoma City, as the year before, but with a turn up to Kansas City. I was a little apprehensive about how long this would take. With the lunch in Shamrock, Texas, it ended up taking 13 and a half hours, not at all bad. I was a little frazzled, but after a shower it was still daylight and I was ready to go out for dinner:  to Arthur Bryant's Barbeque again. This time I didn't bother with french fries but still couldn't eat the entire helping of meat. Driving there myself, I started to get a better idea about getting around Kansas City. Planning on laying over a whole day, I ended up finding another Calvin Trillin favorite, Winstead's Drive-In. I ended up having both lunch and dinner there, to sample different things on the menu. Bryant's doesn't present that opportunity.

Driving around Kansas City, I was intrigued by State Line Road, which separates Kansas City, Missouri, from Kansas City, Kansas. It turns out to mostly be a very ordinary residential street, with very few indications that the houses on one side lie in Kansas, those on the other side in Missouri. From there to a cruise through Swope Park (which I originally read about in Time Enough for Love [1973] by Robert Heinlein), and I thought I had gotten a good impression of central Kansas City.

The next day I was driving to Chicago, which would not have been that great a drive, except that I went by way of my mother's home town in Nebraska, Falls City. I had been there once and thought I should see it again while I was in the area. I'm glad I did, but it did add a number of hours to the drive, and it took a good twelve hours to get to Chicago, to arrive just in time for a good traffic jam in I-90. Once I got off the freeway, however, and made my way to Michigan Avenue, it wasn't at all hard getting to the Hyatt Regency on the Chicago River. Never having visiting central Chicago before (I had been in some suburbs, laid over at O'Hare, and flown low over the city, but never been to the Loop), I began with basics, like the Sears Tower, which now unaccountably has been renamed the "Willis" Tower. The observation deck has projecting plexiglass booths so that you can look straight down to the street. No thanks. The great joy of the visit, however, was visiting the collection at the Art Institute of Chicago. Among many famous paintings, like American Gothic, was other splendid art, like The Bathers [1884] by William Adolphe Bouguereau. I spent the better part of the day there. The next day I went down to the Field Museum of natural history. It was all a great introduction to Chicago. There was a convention of hoteliers at the Hyatt, and I had some enjoyable conversations with fellow guests. When I expressed interest in the large percentage of hotels and motels in the United States owned by people from India, including in unlikely places like New Mexico, one of the conventioners told me that there was a saying, "Hotel, Motel, Patel."

The drive to New Jersey from Chicago was a very reasonable thirteen hours, avoiding construction delays on the Pennsylvania Turnpike because it was a Sunday. We spent our anniversary at the Algonquin in New York, but we took the train in.

Leaving New Jersey, I was headed to South Dakota, as in 2009. Rather than get caught in traffic getting out of Chicago, this time I headed in to stay in Chicago again, this time at the Park Hyatt further up Michigan Avenue. Laying over one night, there wasn't time to see much of anything, except the neighborhood, the Lakefront, and the very nice hotel room and restaurant, which I had seen advertised on "At the Movies" for years (a show now unfortunately cancelled).

Leaving Chicago early, I beat the traffic, although there were a fair number of people out, even at 5:30 AM. I stopped for breakest in Mauston, Wisconsin, at the same place where I ate in 2009. Otherwise, the real excitment on the drive was getting caught in a heavy thunderstorm outside Chamberlain, South Dakota. The dark, heavy curtain of rain was visible for many miles, but then it actually arrived with thundering force and frightening hail. I only saw pea sized hail, but I was hearing larger pieces hitting the car. There was an offramp close, and I pulled off and under the awning of a gas station. I got the last place, which curiously was right next to another Mini Cooper, the only one I had seen that day. My car suffered some slight dents and a few chips off the paint. It could have been much worse, as I saw on other cars while I was in South Dakota.

This year I stayed at a hotel, the Holiday Inn, in Rapid City, rather than with my relatives, to have a little more freedom of movement, and the leisure to explore downtown Rapid City, which I did the next day. The pictures I took of the statues of the Presidents on the downtown streets I have posted elsewhere. Later that day I headed up to Mt. Rushmore, a picture of which is also on the Presidents page.

The greatest excitement of the visit, however, was the next day when I headed for Devil's Tower, Wyoming. This eerie object was the perfect backdrop for Close Encounters of the Third Kind, but the real thing is, if anything, stranger than what one sees in the movie. However, the geography is somewhat misrepresented. One approaches the monument from the south side, as in the movie (or in this photo), but it requires no climb to get around to the other side. That is where the road goes. That is where the visitor center is. The volcanic stock itself is encircled by a fairly leisurely hiking trail, which took less than an hour to walk. Climbers are active on the vertical face. The apperance of the lava, as upright posts, looks like some formations elsewhere -- e.g. the Devil's Postpile in California, the Palisades along the Hudson in New Jersey, and the Giant's Causeway in Ireland. Seeing this was something extraordinary.

After these excursions and pleasant visits with my relatives, I headed back to California, the first day as far as Salt Lake City. This was the last major place in the country to which I had flown but had never driven before. So this wrapped up one of the projects on this year of long drives -- to drive to such places. And it is always interesting to visit Temple Square and see the Mormon Temple again.

The next day I headed out past the Great Salt Lake and the Salt Flats. Entering Nevada, I headed south to Ely, where I had breakfast (the cafe is always through the casino). There I picked up US 6, the last desination of the trip, as I have described in detail elsewhere. I was somewhat fearful of the vast empty spaces of central Nevada, and they were indeed empty, but it was all very beautiful and majestic, and a great chance to drive very fast. I never did see any police -- the Turnpike in Ohio and Indiana had been swarming with them.

The snowy White Mountains, on the border between Nevada and California, came into view not far outside Tonopah, Nevada. Having left Salt Lake City at 4:45 AM, I rolled into Bishop, California, almost exactly at noon. LA was less then four and a half hours away, with only the disturbing discovery at Little Lake to interrupt things.

I hope I have accomplished or proven whatever it is I wanted to accomplish or prove with these cross country drives. It occurred to me that my parents never drove to the East Coast and never went to a tithe of the places that I have now been. It is a great experience to visit places I have long known, like Austin, or see new things, especially those sights I have long anticipated, from Bryant's Barbeque, to Scotty's Castle, to Devil's Tower, etc. The greatest appeal, however, almost an addiction, is just the sensation of getting away, cutting loose, and flying along the highway. The Interstates are great for that, as State after State passes by. It isn't quite as fast as flying, but it wins hands down for the comfort, thrill, and beauty. And this last trip, I did avoid those 20 hour days.

After returning from this trip in 2010, I did some other drives, up to Redding in California and a couple of trips back East, but I had not done any of the long solo drives in the West. In 2012, two years later, my aunt Elouise in South Dakota was turning 90 and the family organized a celebration and family reunion. This would provide a chance to cover some ground that I had previously missed. The first leg of the trip was to Las Vegas, where I spent a night at the Cosmopolitan and went to see the show, "Crazy Horse Paris," at the MGM Grand. That was fun. The room was quite nice at the Cosmopolitan, complete with deep Japanese bathtub that overlooked the lagoon at the neighboring Bellagio. The next day the destination was Salt Lake City. I had made a reservation to stay at the Marriott where I was in 1993. However, I was not aware that there were two Marriotts not far apart, and I ended up at a different one from 1993. This different hotel was just a couple blocks from the Hilton where I stayed in 2010. So I ate at the same Olive Garden where I had dinner in 2010.

The next day I left before dawn and drove across Wyoming to Rapid City. This took 11 hours. With three nights in South Dakota, there was visting with my relatives and some time in downtown Rapid City, where I photographed the newest Presidential statues. Originally I was going to spend another night there and then drive all the way to Santa Fe in one day. But I left a day early to break up the drive, spending the next night at Colorado Springs. I was having trouble with a leaking tire and was messing with it in a serious downpour after I had checked in there. In my old VW Beetle, a leaking tire used to mean putting in a sealant and reinflating, and forgetting about it. On my own Mini Cooper, however, low tire pressure sets off an alarm, which can only be cleared at the dealship. So early in the morning of July 31, I drove back up to the Mini dealership in Littleton to have them check the tire. They thought it was alright and cleared the alarm. It would be alright, until the morning I left Flagstaff for LA.

After Littleton, I had to backtrack to Colorado Springs and then all the way to Santa Fe. Meanwhile, looking at my maps of Santa Fe, I realized that for years I had been disoriented while visiting there. I had come to think that the Cathedral was North of the Plaza. Now I realized that it is East of the Plaza. No wonder I had been a little confused about where my hotel, La Fonda on the Plaza, was. How could this have happened? I've been visiting Santa Fe since 1967. Well, I realized that only once in all that time, in 1989, had I driven into Santa Fe on my own. Otherwise, I had been driven there by friends from Albuquerque. The visit in 1989 evidently was not enough to overcome my impression at other times. This was a grave insult to my sense of direction. One full day in Santa Fe, having dinner with local friends both nights, gave me a better sense of the area around the Plaza than I had ever gotten before.

The next day I drove to Taos, where I had never stayed, or visited, again, on my own. I had never gotten a good idea of the local layout, which in this case was not at all surprising. I stayed at a historic site, the Mable Dodge Luhan House, where various luminaries, like C.J. Jung, had been hosted, and which Dennis Hopper had owed after the death of Mrs. Luhan. Reservations are by individual rooms. I was in the "Solarium," which turned out to be a glassed in belvedere on the roof -- a little exposed and vulnerable to the wind storm during the night but very lovely. From Taos, I drove 11 hours again across the lonely mountains to the West (US 64), then up into Colorado (US 160), down through Aztec and Framington (US 550) to lunch in Shiprock (US 64 again). In the afternoon, I drove up to Four Corners, which I had not seen before, and across the northern part of the Navajo Big Reservation, which I also had not seen. On US 64 and 160, I missed the route that would have taken me through Monument Valley, but I could see strange towering shapes in the distance from Kayenta. From there I liked the drive along the north side of Black Mesa, where it had been raining. Tony Hillerman had never given me a very good idea of what the area looked like. At Tuba City, I was back to roads than my wife and I had been on in 2003, on down to Flagstaff. After sleeping there, I actually woke up at 3:30 in the morning and hit the road. The tire pressure alarm went on again, so I checked the offending tire. I checked it again in Needles, after dawn, and it really hadn't lost any pressure, so I drove on in to LA. That ended up being 6 hrs and 45 minutes from Flagstaff to LA, only stopping for gas and a rest stop. The next morning the tire was pretty much flat in the garage, so I pumped it up and drove into the dealership to get a new one. I knew that the tire had been compromised, since it had been punctured by a screw about a year ago, and fixed; but the plug in the hole apparently developed this leak.

This drive went over a lot of old familiar ground but also involved new sites and some new experiences, like the stays in Santa Fe and Taos. There remains much else to see on the Big Reservation, but this was a good introduction. When I got back to LA, I realized that this was actually one of the longest single drives I had done, with 10 nights on the road, longer than any of my transcontinental legs. It didn't originally seem like it was going to be that much, but the weight of the days seemed to add up after a while.

After the long drive in July/August, I drove back to Las Vegas on Septemter 6 to see Joan Rivers and to Tucscon on September 11 to give a talk on "The Epistemology of F.A. Hayek," at the Center for the Philosophy of Freedom of The University of Arizona. The Tucson trip made it convenient to do a day trip to Tombstone. The local industry is obviously the Gunfight at the OK Corral, and much of the feel of the old city is preserved. In that, it is much like Virginia City, Nevada, and Deadwood, South Dakota. Part of the motivation for the trip to Las Vegas was to swing through the desert, going or coming, to see Rachel, Nevada, the closest town to Groom Lake, the presumed Area 51 of mysterious testing and UFO fame. It was still very hot at the time, however, and I ended up not wishing to drive off on a long loop through the middle of nowhere with temperatures well over 100o. Rachel would have to wait.

She didn't have to wait long. I was thinking about driving back up to Redding again to have Thanksgiving with my relatives; and I noticed the coincidence that Rita Rudner, who had moved her show to the Venetian, was giving a performance the Saturday after Thanksgiving. So, with a return stay at the Venetian, I couldn't pass this up.

So the day after Thanksgiving, "Black Friday," I drove from Redding to Las Vegas. I was hoping that the drive time would be comparable to that from Redding to Los Angeles, about eight and a half hours. But the route is by no means direct, and I could almost have driven back to LA and then to Las Vegas, in terms of drive time.

Part of the idea of the drive was to go over Donner Pass on I-80. I had been up to the pass from Lake Tahoe, but, unlike people who may live in the Bay Area or Northern California, I had never had any call to use I-80 going to or coming from the East. I had missed chances to go over the pass in 2010, driving to Redding for Thanksgiving, because it was snowing up there. This time, there was snow on the ground; but I had a comfortable gap between storms. I had lunch just before noon in Fallon, Nevada, just off I-80 -- a place I had never heard of; but it turned out to be fairly large and featured a Naval Air Station, with nearby bombing ranges. Going down US 95, it was all new territory. I got gas in Tonopah, back on US 6 from my drive in 2010. It was already 2:30 PM, and I was beginning to wonder how long it all was going to take. Turning off on Nevada 375 at Warm Springs, a road I had looked down longingly in 2010, I began to notice that the sun was getting rather low in the West. I had not been keeping track of sunset times, and it suddenly occurred to me that I was now well East of the meridian for Pacific Time, which meant that sunset could be substantially earlier than it was in Los Angeles. Actually, I was thinking that sunset would be about 5:30, when it was already down to 4:45 in LA. In Rachel, sunset was around 4:30; but as luck would have it, I arrived just in time. I had good light to take pictures of the "Little A'Le'Inn" and take in the landscape thereabouts. The Inn and other buildings in Rachel looked more like temporary structures and had clearly not been there for very many years. But it was great fun. The sign of "The Extraterrestrial Highway" on 375 had been vandalized (with stickers?); and I could only read it because I already knew what it would say.

By the time I got to US 93, it was full dark; and so I was forced to do something that I don't like:  drive over new ground in the dark. But it only took a couple hours to get into Las Vegas, and so I was able to eat dinner in the Venetian at a reasonable time. The total drive had been twelve and a half hours, 6 AM to 6:30 PM.

This has now given me a better sense of the geography of central Nevada. Across the center of the State are three conspicuous mountain ranges, like walls, which are National Forest Land:  The Toiyabe, Toquima, and Monitor Ranges. US 6, , goes around them to the south, and Tonopah itself is on a spur of the Toquimas, which go up to 11,814 feet at Jefferson Peak, rising 5,861 feet from the valleys on each side. This is respectable relief, comparable to much higher mountains. From Tonopah, US 6 actually crosses three ranges, including the Hot Creek Range, and then the turnoff to 375 goes across the Pancake Range into Railroad Valley, which US 6 crosses further North. Rachel is then south across a spur of the Quinn Canyon Range. The unreachable Area 51 at Groom Lake is just South of the Groom Range.

I subsequently began to wonder about something I had seen in the last episode of the video series by Robert Hughes on modern art, The Shock of the New. Out in the desert, four hours from Las Vegas, Hughes visits a massive outdoor sculpture, called "Complex One," by the artist Michael Heizer. He gives no other clue where this is; but, thanks to the Internet, there is now a remedy for such uncertainies. "Complex One" has grown into an extensive project called "City," which happens to be a little way over the mountains North-East from Rachel. At Google Maps, one can look down on the whole business in satellite photos. The original "Complex One" now seems to be dwarfed by what has since been done; and I wonder if Heizer actually lives out there, since there is now a cluster of regular buildings and farmed land nearby. It is all, in its own right, a bit mysterious, and well protected from casual passersby down many, many miles of dirt roads. I would not dream of trying to get out there in my Mini Cooper. This is what SUV's are made for (rather than for getting stuck in traffic ahead of me on the Hollywood Freeway). So for the time being, I think Rachel is a close as I need to get to all of it.

Starting in 2010, I did want to get some idea of the awesome solitude of central Nevada. And now, with two drives criss-crossing the area, I have certainly gotten my impression.

Four years after my retirement, the day came to leave California behind. The housing market was back up, I had just about exhausted my travel desires in the West, and my attachment to my old house had become to seem unhealthy. Thanks to an old friend, I had a recommendation for a realtor, whom I met on July 10th, 2013. Within two months the house was sold, everything was cleaned out and packed, and I was on the road, just like in 2003, in a U-Haul truck. Unlike then, I wasn't going to do much visiting -- just with a day layover in Albuquerque -- and I otherwise planned a straight shot back to Princeton. This meant direct on I-40 from Barstow to Knoxville, Tennessee. I did start with a couple of short days, from Los Angeles to Flagstaff and then Albuquerque; but the final three legs, from Albquerque to Ft. Smith, Arkansas, and then to Knoxville, and finally to Princeton, all took about 12 hours each. This was not onerous in comparison to drives I had previously done, even the 16 hour drives in 2003, but I was beginning to appreciate the shorter days. From Oklahoma City to Knoxville was unknown territory, and I had never actually set foot in Arkansas before. In Knoxville, I stayed across the street from where I had spent the night in January 2010. I-81 up to the Pennsylvania Turnpike then avoided all the traffic of I-95 through Washington and Baltimore. I had learned from experience. The stop in Flagstaff was in part to commemorate the stop there in 1975, although the motel from back then was long gone; and I stayed where Jackie and I had on our anniversary trip in 2003.

It was a suitable coda to four years of extensive driving. Including the 2003 trip, I finished by having driven across the Mississippi River at Baton Rouge (I-10, Westbound), Vicksburg (I-20, Eastbound), Memphis (I-40, Eastbound), St. Louis (I-70, twice, Eastbound), Davenport, Iowa (I-80, Eastbound), and La Crosse, Wisconsin (I-90, twice, Westbound). This encompassed five drives from Los Angeles to Princeton, and three back from Princeton to Los Angeles. While truckers may do this all the time, I reflect that my parents -- and many other people -- have never driven entirely across the country. This may be enough for me. I no longer have a job or a home to return to in California.

Return to Autobiographical Statements

In these pages I have occasionally taken note of strange things in the books of Douglas Preston and Lincoln Child. These have included a thoroughly mangled text in Greek and a factually false description of Trinity Site in New Mexico.

Lee Child (real name, Jim Grant), whom I at first confused with Lincoln Child, is responsible for the series of Jack Reacher novels. These end up including sometimes bizarre errors not unlike those of Preston and Child. I have already considered Child's fractured understanding of Coordinated Flight. Here I am interested in the representation of Las Vegas in his Jack Reacher novel Bad Luck and Trouble [2007, Dell, 2012].

I don't think Child had actually been to Las Vegas when he wrote the book. It is too wrong. First of all, Reacher and his friends are driving from Los Angeles to Las Vegas (a drive that was also done by James Bond). They stop to eat in Barstow, "at a miserable roadside diner that had no virtues other than it was there and the road ahead was empty" [p.230]. Barstow? Barstow is a large town, with multiple venues for eating familiar from any other place in America. This strange picture is repeated on the trip back to Los Angeles. "Like helpless masochists they stopped at the same diner they had used before. No alternative for miles, and they were all hungry" [p.290]. Barstow may or may not be inviting in many ways, but this fictional Barstow is not the Barstow of the Planet Earth that I'm familiar with.

More remotely plausible for a place of this description would be Baker, which goes unmentioned in the book, but which is the natural stop between Barstow and Las Vegas and does have fewer dining options. Nevertheless, Baker has more to offer than a "miserable diner." Under the largest thermometer in the world, there is now a Bob's Big Boy -- a venerable and esteemed survivor of 1950's Southern California. I don't know if this was a Bob's when Child would have written the book; but I ate at the same restaurant back in like 1992, and whether it was a Bob's or not (I don't remember), it was a perfectly nice place. As it happens, there is also a Bob's in Barstow [unfortunately, since my drive, the Bob's in both Baker and Barstow have closed, like the ones in Arizona; and I wonder if the now Michigan based company is beginning to withdraw from California]. So I don't think that Child had ever driven from Los Angeles to Las Vegas, especially when he seems to think that the road goes through Lake Arrowhead and over Mt. San Antonio, both of which of course are well off I-15 or any other through highway -- and Mt. San Antonio is called "Mt. Baldy" by anyone familiar with Southern California, as Reacher can be presumed to be, but not Child [p.291-292].

Child's lack of sense of Southern California geography is evident in an earlier Reacher book, The Enemy [2004, Dell, 2011], where he says: "[Fort] Irwin was just north of Barstow, which was about thirty miles away across the breadth of the city" [p.419]. Well, Fort Irwin is north of Barstow, but no one looking at any map would think of it as "thirty miles away across the breadth of the city," i.e. Los Angeles. "I figured it would take him about an hour to get us there," i.e. from Los Angeles International Airport. However, Irwin is more like 180 miles from LAX, not thirty, and one could count on at least a three hour drive, regardless of traffic. "In the end it took us more than an hour to get to Irwin," which is certainly going to be true, but not in the least bit surprising.

Back in Bad Luck and Trouble, Child's lack of familiarity with Los Angeles itself is something we see in comments like "The great city went quiet after they passed MacArthur Park and hit the 110. To their right, downtown was silent and deserted" [p.348]. One could find "silent and deserted" parts of Los Angeles, mainly in residential neighborhoods, but certainly not on any freeway (regardless of the hour), or around Downtown. Similarly, "This was L.A. Twenty-one thousand miles of surface streets, probably fewer than twenty-one thousand yards of sidewalk" [p.350]. It may indeed be unusual to see a lot of pedestrian traffic in large areas of Los Angeles, but generally this means empty sidewalks, not the absence of them. My guess would be that there are fewer sidewalks in rural New Jersey than in Los Angeles; and I expect that the correspondence is close, since the lack of sidewalks in Los Angeles is more typical in residential areas up in the hills. The flatlands, whether in the Metro area or the Valley, not only have plenty of sidewalks but include areas generally dense with pedestrian traffic.

But back to Las Vegas. Reacher and his friends, who unaccountably cannot get cell phone service along I-15 [p.232], "approached from the bad end of the Strip" [p.233]. Since, coming from Los Angeles, you approach from the south, I'm not sure how the southern stretch of Las Vegas Boulevard is the "bad end." Since they reach the "glittering palaces a half-mile ahead," the "bad end" would have to be about where one cuts over to McCarran International Airport. I've never noticed anything bad about that area. They pull into a hotel "with an Italian name." The Bellagio? Venetian?

Reacher's room was on the seventeenth floor. It was a dark concrete cube tricked out to look like a centuries-old salon in Venice. [p.234]

This makes it sound like the hotel is supposed to be the Venetian, whose rooms are neither dark, (visibly) concrete, cubes, nor "tricked out" to look Venetian at all, as in the image at right, looking from the windows across the split-level sitting area into the bedroom. Unlike some business hotels I've been in, the sitting area and desk are by the windows, with the bed further in, as seems to me more reasonable. Nor are the rooms in the Bellagio, which are smaller, like that. Even worse, Child goes on to say, "the lights in the bedrooms had been dim. A guest upstairs reading was no use to anyone" [p.240]. Now I find this representation particularly interesting, for I have never found a dim room in Las Vegas; and the Cosmopolitan has an elaborate system where all the lights in the room can be controlled from the television set -- a hotel where if you prefer the bed to be by the windows rather than the sitting area, you can get that. It has already struck me that the reading light, particularly at the Venetian, is unusually good for a place where I would indeed expect the management to render the rooms uninviting in that respect. So Child, apparently having not been to the hotels, went with what he expected, and even what is reasonable, not what is actually there.

Otherwise, Child's problem, as ab initio, is the scale and appearance of the Strip. Thus, Reacher and his friends, walking up the Strip, "passed the high-end hotels one by one, moving through sketched facsimiles of the world's great cities all in the space of a few hundred yards" [p.268]. Since the Strip runs a good three miles from Sahara Avenue to Tropicana Avenue (3.16 miles according to my CD-ROM atlas), with the Statosphere north of this and the Excalibur, Luxor, and Mandalay Bay south of it, this is hardly "a few hundred yards." In fact, three miles is 5280 yards (and 3.16 mi. is 5561.6 yards), and that is well beyond convenient walking distance. We also hear that they are directed "back to the cheap end of the Strip," "where the Riviera had been" [p.244]. But if the "bad end" of the Strip was south, the Riviera, which is still there as I write, is at the north end. Child does correctly describe that area as one where hotels have been torn down, including the venerable New Frontier (1942-2007, previously the "Last Frontier," until 1955, and from 1967 just the "Frontier"). Perhaps he was confusing that with the Riviera. But he gets into other trouble. "The roadway and the sidewalks were being straightened as the work progressed. The new lanes continued uninterupted. The old route looped through rubble" [p.248]. But Las Vegas Boulevard there has been staight as long as I can remember it, since the 1950's.

But the most astonishing thing to me about this whole treatment of Las Vegas by Lee Child is the following passage:

Vegas in the morning looked flat and small and exposed under the hard desert sun. The light was pitiless. It showed up every fault and compromise. What by night had looked like inspired impressionism looked like silly fakery by day. The Strip itself could have been any worn-out four-lane in America. [p.261]

Now, anyone is free to make the aesthetic judgment that Las Vegas displays "silly fakery," but the idea that the Strip would look "flat and small" or anything remotely like "any worn-out four-lane in America" is preposterous. The Strip makes Giza (also under pitiless desert light) look like the plaything of a particularly unimaginative and lazy child -- Vegas stopped with one pyramid and moved on to other things. And recently Las Vegas Boulevard has so many lanes that I am unsure how many. Eight? Ten? It is unlike any other place in America, or anywhere else in the world for that matter, that I know of; and I've been to the Ginza and Shinjuku on a Saturday night. Perhaps Abu Dhabi now has something like this.

So Lee Child ends up promoting a certain vision of Las Vegas, which, for all the faults that one can imagine for the real place, is contradicted on many points by the reality. What surprises me is not that Child should put down such distortions on paper and get them published -- he's English, after all -- but that a rich, successful, and well traveled writer would not have been to Las Vegas! Or Los Angeles?! It is perhaps a tribute to one's creativity and chutzpah to conjure up a place based on vague impressions, hearsay, and reputation; but millions of people visit Las Vegas every year, know what the place is like, and the percentage of them that read Jack Reacher books is liable to be considerable. They will all be scratching their heads. Even more if they've stopped to eat in Barstow or Baker, or walked down a sidewalk in Los Angeles. Of course, not everyone can be a Tom Wolfe, who visits and studies the places and people he writes about -- it is incredible that he would get Las Vegas so wrong. But then Tom Wolfe doesn't publish a new book every year.

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